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How to Set up, Introduce, & Implement a Take A Break Station

It is powerful when students discover how to manage their own behavior and emotions rather than having an adult direct it for them.

"Take A Break" is a special space in the classroom where children can take a moment to decompress, take a breather, or think about making different choices. Typically, when students are talking, acting out, bothering others, unfocused, upset, or agitated, they don't always need a consequence, they just need a chance to reset and return.  They also need to learn to do this on their own without much adult intervention.

It is important for kids to recognize emotions and outcomes, and self regulate their own emotions and behaviors.  They need to recognize when they are upset or bored or perhaps just avoiding work.  They need to realize that their behavior affects others.  It is powerful when students discover how to manage their own behavior and emotions rather than having an adult direct it for them.  (Not to say that there isn't a place for direct and implicit instruction concerning behavior and emotional response!)

Set Up
Create a designated space in your classroom with a small basket of materials and a comfortable place to sit and write. The place should be inviting, uncluttered, and a bit removed from whole group areas including student tables or desks (if possible). The space should not double as a literacy or math station or other classroom need. The students need to know that this space is available to them at any time.
  
The basket can contain:
  • Stress balls to squeeze 
  • Sand timer to remind students not to stay too long
  • Notebook, pencils, and crayons to draw and write about feelings
  • Small stuffed animals to hug
  • Calm Down or Discovery bottles
  • Silly Putty or play dough
  • Mirror to see the emotion on his or her own face in order to recognize it
  • Emotion Reference Poster
  • Reflection Poster
  • Reflection printables
  • How Are You Feeling? blank face printables 
  • Self Calming cards
  • Directions
Implementation
  • Take A Break is not a "Time Out" because it is not intended as a consequence.  You can also have a "Time Out" chair in another place for situations which require a more traditional consequence based approach.
  • The students can go there on their own, but sometimes can be asked to go there by the teacher.
  • There may only be a few students who routinely need this space, however, every child will probably spend some time there.
  • The student will only stay there for about 1 or 2 minutes and use the egg timer so they don't stay too long.
  • If a student visits this station too frequently, it is probably time to discern the reasons for the visits and develop a plan to meet the student’s needs in a different way.
  • It is important to have everyone go there at least once during the first week or two of school so they know what it feels like and understand that it is not punitive.
  • The teacher can also go to the space to model how it is to be used and to reinforce that it is not punitive.
  • The space should not double as a literacy or math station or other classroom need. The students need to know that this space is available to them at any time.
  • Asking “What should happen next?” is an important part of the process. Perhaps a student needs to apologize, clean up a mess, or just try to brainstorm a way to return and feel more settled.  Students often feel empowered to create change when they see their behavior as a cause and the effect it has on others. 

 
Introducing the Station
The procedure for introducing Take A Break should be introduced just like any other procedure you use in your classroom.

  • Explain the reason a student may choose to go, or be sent, to the station.  I usually tell them that strong feelings or the need to refocus are the main reasons for a visit.  It is helpful to introduce lessons on recognizing and identifying different feelings and emotions.
  • Model how to use the materials.  You may want to introduce them slowly over time, or at least change out materials every so often so there aren't too many choices in the space at any one time.  
When children enter the station they should begin working through the reflection process. They think about:
  1. how they are feeling right now
  2. what happened that caused them to come to the space
  3. decide what should happen next
  4. decide if they are ready to return 
This process can be prompted with pictures, props, or a written reflection worksheet.
If the child's emotions are very strong, they can use the calm down materials to settle themselves.

  • Practice using the space and materials. Make sure every student has a chance to go there for a bit after it has been introduced to remove the curiosity factor as well as any fear of going there. Try to help the students feel that the space is a place to regain composure, not a "bad" place or punishment.
Young Children and Non Readers
  • If you are using reflection sheets or materials, preschool children, other non readers or early readers will need something more visual. 
  • An adult should guide a young child, a student without reading skills, or any student who is unable to work through the station independently, through the reflection process, until they have memorized how to work through each step on their own.
  • Picture prompt cards or props are a great choice.
I have found much success using this space over the years.  It reduces repeat behaviors, allows me to continue to teach instead of being interrupted by every disruption.  If you are interested in any of the printables shown when setting up your center, they are available here:
Here is another post with solutions for behavior management:


Top Ten Days That Strike Fear into the Hearts of Teachers

A humorous look at the school days that are just a bit harder than the others.

You know the days I'm talking about.  They are special days that we look forward to, but we also carry just a little bit of dread in the recesses of our souls.  Typically these days are associated with holidays or special celebrations, but there are a few others that get our teacher hearts fluttering just as much.

Here they are in no particular order. You can decide for yourselves the order of these days on a scale from "Indoor Recess" to "The 9th Ring of Teacher Hell"

5 Simple Ways to Connect with Students and Build Relationships

Being connected with students helps teachers maintain positive  classroom management and behavior.

Being a teacher these days is not even remotely easy.  The nonsense we have to deal with from developmentally inappropriate standards to endless meetings and data to no lunch or bathroom breaks are nothing short of lunacy.  Throw in an unruly class with some serious behavior problems and you have a recipe for early retirement.

The trick is to make what happens inside that classroom with those kids as joyful as possible so that the rest of the crazy in our profession will be easier to manage,  We must try to shelter our students and ourselves from the stress and pressure.

We all know that achieving that classroom nirvana of peace and productivity requires an authentic connection with our students. When our students feel loved and understood, they feel safe.  Safe enough to take academic and social risks.  Safe enough to try and fail.  In a close knit, loving environment, failure is part of the process, not an embarrassment.

But how do we form those genuine, loving relationships?  There are many layers to that question, but I have complied a list of some of the ways I try to connect with kids in my class.

Teach All the Word Problems!


The cornerstone of primary math is number sense -  and primarily mastering the concept of addition and subtraction, hopefully even gaining automaticity with those addition and subtraction facts. Elementary teachers live and breathe addition and subtraction!